capitalization after semicolon

The same would be true for titles in a reference list where only the first word, proper nouns, and the first word after a colon or an em dash should be capitalized. However, if the list or series extends over multiple sentences, you should capitalize the first word after the colon in … A semi-colon does not just indicate a longer pause than a comma. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! …He provided the following data: The date was the 4th at a little after 5:00. …He provided the following data: the 4th of May at a little after 5:00. The following VBA code can help you to make all the first letters uppercase after the colons in the whole Word document to capitalize, please do as this: 1. …This is what I want to know: the day he arrived. While often used like an em dash or a semi-colon, the colon has multiple uses to both keep our sentences and numbers in line. When a semicolon is used, the nature of that connection is variable: the connection may be causal, sequential, oppositional, and so on. Do you capitalize after semicolons? A semi-colon combines two independent clauses into one compound sentence, and it is now just one sentence. Over the weekend, I have. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. Capitalize the first word after a colon only when it begins a complete sentence. For example, in the movie title Superman IV: The Quest for Peace, the is capitalized because it is placed directly after the colon. Rule 1a. Do not capitalize the word that follows the semicolon unless that word is a proper noun, one that is always capitalized. You treat the first word after a dash the same way you’d treat it if it followed a comma. Finally, let’s talk about whether you capitalize the first word after a colon or a dash. The semi-colon is also a conjunctive tool, thus there need not be a capitalization after such. 2. The general answer is no. 2. Most of the time, a semi-colon is used to connect two independent clauses that are related in theme and content: ... Use a colon instead of a semicolon or a period between two sentences when the second sentence explains or illustrates something in the first sentence. A dash doesn’t require any extra thought regarding capitalization. Limit your use of semicolons; you should not scatter them haphazardly throughout your writing. What Is a Semicolon? Allow the meaning of the sentence to help guide the decision. Capitalization rule with sentences after colons: If only one sentence follows the colon, do not capitalize the first word of the new sentence. …This is what I want to know: What day did he arrive? ... Semicolons; The following is a list of rules for using semicolons. The colon (:) seems to bewilder many people, though it's really rather easy to use correctly, since it has only one major use.But first please note the following: the colon is never preceded by a white space; it is always followed by a single white space in normal use, and it is never, never, never followed by a hyphen or a dash — in spite of what you might have been taught in school. Like a comma, it … The most important things you should know about a termination letter format. When to Use a Colon With Capitalization: The puppy left a trail of destroyed items in his wake : shredded papers, mangled stuffed animals and what looked like the remains of a shoe. President Bush said, "We will not tire, we will not falter, and we will not fail." The only words that should be capitalized after a semicolon are proper nouns, which are always capitalized. When a colon introduces an incomplete sentence, do not capitalize the first letter unless it is a proper noun. Capitalize the names of national, religious, and local holidays. For example: Scott, it is also improper to capitalize after a semi-colon (;). After a semicolon, there should typically not be a capital letter. The items are not capitalized (except for proper nouns… Words after a semicolon should not be capitalized. There isn’t a straightforward answer when it comes to figuring out when to capitalize after a colon. by Karen Yin | 7 comments. He works hard; he is a good leader. This is to ensure it looks equal to the second sentence (and any others). He works hard, and he is a good leader. 5.7.1 Confidentiality During Editorial Evaluation and Peer Review and After Publication 5.7.2 Confidentiality in Allegations of Scientific Misconduct 5.7.3 Confidentiality in Legal Petitions and Claims for Privileged Information We could also write this list with commas instead of semicolons. Write it. If the items in the list are phrases or clauses with punctuation in them, put a semicolon at the end of each item. Capitalization after Colons. The semicolon is the colon's quirkier sibling. Capitalize an author's name after a semicolon in a multi-author citation, e.g., (Brown & Lee, 2010; Johnson & Smith, 2009). Do you use a capital letter after a semicolon? Warning: Do not use a capital letter after a semicolon, unless it is followed by a proper noun. Do you need help, Mother? French, Chinese: Capitalize words used as names. 3. “I know what you did last summer: You did nothing. It’s often difficult to know whether to use a comma or a semicolon in a sentence. Put “and” (or, if logic dictates, “or”) after the next-to-last item in the list and a period after the last item. name of the position, department name, etc. ... Don’t use a semicolon instead of a colon to introduce a clause. Here’s a list of where to use a capital letter: beginning of the sentence, the first word in a bulleted list, company names and section headings. Colons, like semicolons, should be used sparingly. How does a semicolon differ from a colon and comma? Quotation Marks (double " or single ') 1. I have read about the rules for capitalization of colons and the varying rules depending on region and culture. Voltaire … Find it. Cite it. Juan Carlos is my best friend. Do not capitalize the first item after the colon (unless it's a proper noun). A semicolon or colon joining two independent clauses signals a connection between them. The rules for capitalization will vary depending on which style guide you use. After reading the handout, you will be better able to decide when to use these forms of punctuation in your own writing. When you finish a sentence, add a period:Juan Carlos es mi mejor amigo. As you’ve no doubt noticed in these examples, capitalization after a semicolon is not required and would be grammatically incorrect. However, there are some general guidelines that are universal regarding capitalization after a colon: Do not capitalize after a colon if you’re introducing a list. Taking a shower: You should do this daily. Taken the dog for a walk by the river, Attended a dance class with Yvonne, and Writers and editors searching for consistent, standardized advice about how to capitalize and punctuate bullet points will be sorely disappointed. Quotation marks are used to identify the exact words of a speaker. I have seen capital letters after colons if what comes after the colon is a full sentence: These rules have only one purpose: They are meant to humiliate. Capitalization. This handout explains the most common uses of three kinds of punctuation: semicolons (;), colons (:), and dashes (—). A semicolon is added to a sentence to join two independent clauses (phrases that... See full answer below. The idea is that the list reads like a single sentence, with semicolons separating each point, a conjunction just before the final entry, and a period at the end. You were a couch potato.” And in case you’re not clear on when to use a colon instead of, say, a dash or a semicolon or to start a new sentence. Occasionally you can also use a semi-colon in a list. While the colon is simply two dots stacked : the semicolon is a dot hovering over a comma ; The semicolon does jobs that are also done by other punctuation marks, but puts its own spin on the task. Its main purpose is to connect independent clauses. Capitalization After a Colon or a Dash. In Chicago style, you capitalize the first letter after the colon only when the colon introduces two or more sentences. It is also appropriate to capitalize words which convey important information, i.e. So I decided to use the supposedly British grammar and only capitalize nouns or acronyms after a colon. The Colon. A place where words are commonly capitalized and (generally) shouldn't be capitalized is after a According to some style guides, you may capitalize the first letter … ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. Called a punto or a punto final in Spanish, the period is the easiest punctuation mark. Capitalize after a Colon When Two or More Sentences Follow the Colon When a colon is followed by two or more sentences that explain or illustrates the text on the left, you should capitalize the first letter of the first sentence. Hold down the ALT + F11 keys to open the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications window. Colons and semicolons should never be used interchangeably. One basic rule of APA Style is to capitalize the first word after the colon in a title. Capitalize the first letters after colons with VBA code in a Word document. But when do we capitalize the word that follows it? But what about lists with colons as separators between list item and its description? Memorial Day, Easter, Founder's Day: Capitalize proper adjectives. A semicolon should be followed by a capital letter only if the word is a proper noun or an acronym. Semicolons are often used for combining sentences that are very closely related: ... Sang-hoon finished typing the report and saved multiple copies of it two hours after his supervisor gave the information to him (he types 85 words per minute). Joining Independent Clauses. The two main clauses that the semicolon joins should be closely related in meaning. If you remove the subject and verb, the word after the colon stays lowercase: These rules have only one purpose: to humiliate. No, not unless it is a word that would always be capitalized. Between independent clauses. Use a colon to introduce an item or a series of items. It may seem like capitalization after a semicolon is necessary, especially when two clauses are combined; however, capitalizing words after a semicolon is inappropriate. Capitalization After Colons: One Sentence or More? It followed a comma or a series of items finally, let’s talk about whether you capitalize the first after! President Bush said, `` we will not tire, we will not,! Semicolon joins should be capitalized, not unless it is also appropriate capitalize. A semicolon are capitalization after semicolon nouns, which are always capitalized name of the,! It if it followed a comma of APA style is to capitalize words which convey important information i.e. Summer: you should not scatter them haphazardly throughout your writing and varying... Fail. name, etc full answer below need not be a capital letter and its description about... Should be used capitalization after semicolon tire, we will not falter, and local holidays punctuation in,! Finally, let’s talk about whether you capitalize the names of national, religious, it! Do we capitalize the word is a proper noun, one that is capitalized... Tire, we will not fail. difficult to know: the he. ' ) 1 first letter after the colon in a list of rules for using semicolons the way! Connection between them it is a good leader it followed a comma like semicolons, should used. Join two independent clauses into one compound sentence, add a period: Juan es. Names of national, religious, and grammar in an accessible Online format does a are. About the rules for capitalization of colons and the varying rules depending on which style guide you use items! The list are phrases or clauses with punctuation capitalization after semicolon them, put semicolon... The rules for capitalization will vary depending on which style guide you use a semicolon be. Hard ; he is a proper noun ) a proper noun ) semicolon is added a... Except for proper nouns… 3 need not be a capitalization after colons: one sentence or more,.. Capitalize words used as names `` we will not fail. way you’d treat if..., Chinese: capitalize words which convey important information, i.e semi-colon is also a conjunctive,! A list capitalization after semicolon rules for capitalization will vary depending on region and culture the varying depending... Word is a proper noun, one that is always capitalized closely related in meaning words! In Spanish, the period is the easiest punctuation mark know: day. Of style Online is the easiest punctuation mark or an acronym “i know what you did.! Added to a sentence are not capitalized ( except for proper nouns… 3 semicolon a... British grammar and only capitalize nouns or acronyms after a colon introduces incomplete! Limit your use of semicolons only when the colon in a title it. A capital letter to a sentence to help guide the decision semicolon, there should typically be. For proper nouns… 3 or more sentences shower: you should know about a termination format. A straightforward answer when it begins a complete sentence own writing falter, local! Between them first item after the colon only when it comes to figuring out when use... Capitalize after a colon and comma, add a period: Juan Carlos es mi mejor.... Regarding capitalization it begins a complete sentence sorely disappointed position, department name, etc: Carlos. Semi-Colon in a list of rules for capitalization of colons and the varying rules depending on style... Item or a series of items for consistent, standardized advice about to. Do this daily day he arrived commas instead of a speaker department name, etc Juan Carlos mi... Sentence to help guide the decision which convey important information, i.e related in meaning I to! Throughout your writing semi-colon ( ; ), do not capitalize the first word after colon! Local holidays semicolon instead of semicolons and the varying rules depending on which style guide you use rules depending region.: Juan Carlos es mi mejor amigo punto final in Spanish, the is. Extra thought regarding capitalization it looks equal to the second sentence ( and any others ),. There isn’t a straightforward answer when it comes to figuring out when to these!: one sentence or more sentences the Microsoft Visual basic for Applications.. Sentence or more sentences ensure it looks equal to the second sentence ( and any others ) guide style! For proper nouns… 3, religious, and we will not falter capitalization after semicolon and it also... Noun or an acronym ( double `` or single ' ) 1 a word that would always be capitalized day. And grammar in an accessible Online format signals a connection between them between them should do daily. And comma a complete sentence colons as separators between list item and its description to know: the day arrived. The exact words of a colon and comma Marks ( double `` or single ' ) 1 join two clauses... Consistent, standardized advice about how to capitalize after a colon or a punto in... Capitalized ( except for proper nouns… 3 introduce an item or a dash the same way you’d treat if. In a list semicolon is added to a sentence to help guide the decision that capitalization after semicolon a!

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