bacterial leaf spot philodendron

It’s based on your plant’s growth and how fast you’d like it to grow. That humidity goes straight to your plant. These spots may vary in shape, color, and size. Water-soaked lesions appear on the stems; if a plant survives stem involvement, the infection spreads to its leaves. With yellow halos, transparent spots on the edges of the leaves turn reddish-brown. }, Semi-annual to annual repotting in appropriately sized containers of sterile potting medium, and two or three evenly spaced fertilizer applications in spring and summer, keep the plants vigorous. But if you don’t want to switch up methods, you can still go with the comfortable stem cutting method. Signs of the disease often appear within 72 hours. When the water evaporates, mist your plant again. These tips are to help you keep your Melanochrysum happy and healthy. And large infestations are difficult to control or to get rid of. But situations are going to come up where your plant isn’t doing as well as you hoped. Doesn't look like anything to worry about, though the beginnings of chlorosis on the same leaf is something to look after, unless it's the lower most leaves then that's normal. } These spots age to brown. ", The plant originates from both Columbia and Costa Rica. When the leaves aren’t growing, it means you aren’t fertilizing your plant enough. Some mealybugs feed off the roots of your plant instead of feeding on the leaves. The number of species would blow your mind. This means they multiple like crazy. With the pruning scissors, prune all the affected roots. You should only fertilize your Philodendron melanochrysum plant when the soil is moist. Jenn Landrum. Philodendron leaf spots. "acceptedAnswer": { Once the plant’s roots have grown to a decent length, you can remove the stem from your mother plant. The plant continues to get light but it’s not shining directly down on it. Take a toothpick and stick it inside the wound. oxycardium. If you use grow lights, you can place the plant about six inches away from the light. You care for it the same way you care for the mother plant. Once you’ve applied the moss to the plant, tie a string around the moss. Bacterial Leaf Spot is caused by bacteria. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. If your plant is infected, isolate it from your other plants and remove the offending leaves with a pair of scissors that you disinfect between each cut.If more than a third of the leaves are affected, remove them in stages so as not to kill the plant. The Philodendron melanochrysum plant is from the Araceae family according to the University of Vermont. I am constantly looking for new houseplants to gradually transform my apartment into an urban jungle. You fill a tray with pebbles. Like the Philodendron selloum, this plant has glossy leaves that resemble many fingers. Someone online told me that it was bacterial leaf spot, and I cut off all of the affected leaves, leaving one single healthy leaf, and sprayed the leaf with hydrogen peroxide. They’re prone to wet feet (root rot), fungal diseases, and Bacterial Leaf Spot. dieffenbachiae: D Red-edge Xanthomonas campestris pv. Philodendron cordatums have glossy green heart-shaped leaves. Before you even know what’s going on, a small infestation has jumped to a large infestation. ", "@type": "Question", Make a small hole in the soil that will fit your cutting. As with any plant, some problems can come up when caring for a Philodendron melanochrysum. Cut right above and right below the moss. I purchased this from a big box store over the summer. Instead, they’re shaped like serrated fingers. Now you take care of your new plant. It’s an oxymoron, we know. "@type": "Question", Insects may include mealy bugs, scale insects, and spider mites. If you have a room with a high roof, see how big you can get yours to grow. They’re hard to detect. Bacterial leaf blight of lilac Symptoms of bacterial leaf spot. But if your plant has root rot, correcting the situation is harder. Erwinia thrives in a damp environment with temperatures between 71 and 93 degrees Fahrenheit. The stem cutting you prune should be somewhere between two and four inches in length. This is caused by bacteria and fungus that are introduced to your plant from the outside world. Dust clogs the pores of your plant which causes it to turn different colors. Now it’s time to take care of your new Philodendron melanochrysum plant. "acceptedAnswer": { The fertilizer you use should have a high amount of nitrogen. The biggest sign of an infestation is cotton fluff on your plant, especially under the leaves. The most common cause of brown, yellow, or black spots on a philodendron is leaf spot disease. Erwinia blight, the most common philodendron disease, can prove fatal in a few days. When the bacteria move into the petioles, the leaf collapses and often drops. marginalis and Pantoea agglomerans. Bacteria are single celled living organisms, some of which are plant pathogens. "text": "Yes, Philodendron melanochrysum plants are toxic when ingested. Overhead irrigation and crowding can lead to an outbreak of bacterial leaf spot on almost any crop, however, at any time of the year. Yellow spots on philodendron occur due to exposure to Bacterial and Fungal Leaf diseases. Be careful with the roots. 2 years ago. dieffenbachiae, Pseudomonas marginalis pv. I cut off the affected leaves, but wanted to make sure this isn’t a watering or light issue. These spots may vary in shape, color, and size. The pot also speeds up evaporation so all that water won’t sit in the moss for a long time. Sphagnum peat moss is perfect for Philodendron plants. There should be two leaves on the cutting, if not more. The crystalline appearance on the leaves resemble specks of gold. Philodendron melanochrysum plants need well-draining soil. It’s airy enough to drain water. The best way to combat Bacterial Spot Disease is by removing the infected parts right away. A Philodendron melanochrysum doesn’t necessarily need high humidity to survive. Watch it grow into a brand new Philodendron melanochrysum. These plants can take temperatures down to 60F (15C). They have back legs that bend like a cricket’s and long antennas. These pests can end up damaging your plant for good. Soil flushes are an easy process. Isopropyl alcohol works well for sterilization. It can grow to amazing heights if it has the room to do so. When your stem cutting callouses, it’s ready to plant. But that isn’t the only negative effect of these insects. When there’s too much water in the soil, oxygen can’t get through to the plant’s roots. Re-potting a Philodendron melanochrysum is important. Always use pruning scissors. You’ll have to do this on a regular basis. As with all other fungal and bacterial diseases, better air circulation, well-drained soil, dry leaves, and less water help control Leaf Spot Disease How to identify and treat Leaf Spot plant disease. There are options to creating humidity for your plant if you want to turn the moisture up. When it comes to one of these plants, you need to stay away from dry and sandy potting mixes. This will help hold the moss to the wound. It’s important to get rid of mealybugs as soon as you find out you have an infestation on your plant. Make sure the water doesn’t go above the pebbles. Symptoms: Brown spots with yellow hues Irregularly shaped spots May appear in clusters on the top or underside of leaves Leaves turn yellow Collapsed tissues usually are soft and mushy with a rotten smell to them. They have a velvety texture that you’ll enjoy the feel of. Using physiological, biochemical and pathogenicity tests, these isolates were identified as Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Insects may include mealy bugs, scale insects, and spider mites. But it still needs some light to thrive. When a plant gets Leaf Spot disease, the attacking fungus or bacteria leaves small brown spots trimmed in yellow where it is feeding on the leaves. If more than one-third of its leaves show symptoms, remove them a few at a time, cleaning your pruning tool between cuts in a solution of one part household bleach to nine parts water. Bacterial disease symptoms range from black to brown, often watery leaf spots or lesions to total collapse of the tissue. Cool, dry conditions don't help; the lesions thin and tear, leaving leaves full of holes. Direct sunlight also causes the yellowing of the leaves. You can make growing the largest leaves into a competition. You need to toss out a plant with root rot that’s too far advanced. Philodendron melanochrysum plants do the best in soil with organic matter. You’ll need to start fertilizing it more often. As foliage plants, philodendrons (Philodendron spp.) Erwinia attacks at or below the soil line. Make sure you having well-draining soil, such as sphagnum peat moss. Now you need a handful of moist sphagnum peat moss. The downside of using sphagnum moss is that while it’s airy, it can sometimes hold too much water. If the stem can’t hold itself up, tie a straw to it. Below are some of the more interesting species for you to check out. "@type": "Answer", The soil should never dry out. "text": "Has your Philodendron melanochrysum plant been extra dusty? If it’s dry down to this level, it’s time to water. This is if the plant is grown indoors. All because it’s a tropical plant. "text": "The leaves of Philodendron melanochrysum should be quite large. And the roots will stink. "name": "Why are the leaves on my Philodendron melanochrysum turning funny colors? Sometimes stem cuttings aren’t able to support themselves. The most common cause of brown, yellow, or black spots on a philodendron is leaf spot disease. Diseases that can infect the Philodendron Selloum include bacterial blight, which results in very dark patches on the leaves and eventually causes the leaves to rot and die. Next, you have to gently remove the Philodendron melanochrysum from its’ pot. You’ll need a sharp and clean knife. Xanthomonas Leaf Spot … It has to be moist so it sticks to the stem of the plant. Roots all looked good. Your first step is to wound the stem of your Philodendron melanochrysum plant. Make sure you cut the stem cutting right above a leaf node. Before you start your second plant, you need to cure your stem cutting. Passionate for travel and the well-written word, Judy Wolfe is a professional writer with a Bachelor of Arts in English literature from Cal Poly Pomona and a certificate in advanced floral design. Most of the time, mealybugs aren’t detected until it’s too late. This is where the bugs like to hide. "@context": "https://schema.org", Without these key elements, a plant can’t go into photosynthesis. The spots are translucent and turn brown with yellowish, translucent margins. You don’t have to worry about much of a mess at this point. } Eight bacterial isolates were obtained from spots on leaves of philodendron seedlings. Position it so it’s holding the wound you created open. As with all other fungal and bacterial diseases, better air circulation, well-drained soil, dry leaves, and less water help control Leaf Spot disease. While you were waiting for the roots to grow, you should have gotten a pot with soil ready for your new plant. Like most other Philodendrons, it’s a climbing vine plant. Philodendron Melanochrysum growing in Sphagnum Moss. "@type": "Question", Lay your stem cutting out for five to seven days. So, you want the soil to drain excess water out through the drainage holes in the plant’s pot. It’s not getting all the nutrients needed. To be sure between only over-watering and that your plant has root rot, you feel the soil. One of the most common bacterial leaf spots in the landscape is caused by Pseudomonas cichorii on garden mums, which tends to be a problem in the fall as the plants fill in and leaves stay wet for long periods. Prevention is the best method of protection against this disease and can be kept at … We love this plant because of its’ funky leaves. Bright shade is only another term for filtered sunlight or indirect bright light. Isolate a sick philodendron at the first sign of disease. We don’t even want to discuss the cornicles that protrude from their back ends. Stressed philodendrons invite disease. But one of the lesser-known causes of brown leaves is from a high amount of salt in your plant’s soil. Typical fungal problems may include dasheen mosaic virus, scale, root rot, and fungal and bacterial leaf spots. Use duct tape or another strong tape to hold the plastic wrap on the plant. Feathery patches form between the veins. Start dusting your plant regularly. Tiny, microscopic single celled organisms are what causes bacterial leaf spot. Stress factors include under- or overwatering or fertilization, poorly-draining medium, significant temperature swings and inadequate light. Her thousands of published articles cover topics from travel and gardening to pet care and technology. There are several methods on how to treat bacterial leaf spot and save your plants glorious leaves. According to the University of Minnesota, the necrotic spots start as a small dark spot on the leaf. The damage they cause worsens during winter's short days, when the philodendrons are dormant. And the damage isn’t severe. "mainEntity": [ You’ll need to start fertilizing it more often." T he last time I reviewed bacterial disease control on ornamentals for GPN was in 2012, and a lot has happened in the ensuing years. A Philodendron melanochrysum thrives between the temperatures of 70F (21C) and 80F (27C). heart-leaf philodendron Sp Spathiphyllum spp peace lily Sy Syngonium spp. After a week or so of bringing home I repotted washing container out first. To get a cutting, you need to prune one from your Philodendron melanochrysum plant. Watering philodendrons from underneath and housing them at a temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit eliminate bacteria-multiplying warmth and humidity. They are rotting, after all. It should still hold enough water to hydrate the Philodendron melanochrysum. As we stated earlier, it’s easy to over-water Philodendron melanochrysum plants. ] There are several genera of bacteria and hundreds of species responsible for vascular wilts, blights, soft rots, and leaf spots of a wide variety of ornamental plants. You can remedy this situation by tying a straw to the cutting. One method, air layering, is a lot different than the methods for other plants. You can usually tell if the soil is too saturated or not. The symptom of brown leaves on a Philodendron melanochrysum can mean a lot of things. The plant has leaves that can grow up to two feet in length. It’s time to get a stem cutting for propagation. These are very large plants. There’s more space for water to escape. Threat of Xanthomonas rises in humid conditions at temperatures between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Remove the plastic wrap from the stem cutting. Only fertilize during the growing season. It also happens to be one of the most captivating. = Nephthytis spp. These cottony pests feed off your plant as well. { Infected, collapsing tissue emits a disagreeable smell. It’s not going to sit in complete darkness and grow. It isn’t too much different than other plants. They’re prone to wet feet (root rot), fungal diseases, and Bacterial Leaf Spot. It should still hold enough water to hydrate the Philodendron melanochrysum. Symptoms - Xanthomonas leaf spot or blight on dieffenbachias initially appears as yellowish, translucent or water-soaked specks usually first at the margins, later anywhere on the leaf blade except the midrib. ", Bacterial leaf spot on plants will discolor, and in extreme cases, kill leaves. dieffenbachiae: Purchase plants free from the disease. There are brown spots on philodendron leaves (indoor plant). You should always propagate a Philodendron melanochrysum during growing season. Philodendron melanochrysum plants prefer bright shade. First, you can mist your plant with water. The spots enlarge and run together, giving the leaf a blotched appearance. There should be zero rotting roots connected to your plant when you’re finished. If these adaptable plants have one shortcoming, it's their susceptibility to bacterial diseases. Just make sure you have plenty of room in your home for the plant to grow. Or worse, they can kill your plant. Start dusting your plant regularly." The Tree Philodendron should be layered or air layered in spring. Maintaining the plant in cool, dry conditions with proper light, water and fertilizer may restore its health. Brown Spots On Philodendon Leaves - Live in Gladstone, Queensland. You have to pull your Philodendron melanochrysum out of its’ soil to examine the roots close up. Why are the leaves on my Philodendron melanochrysum turning funny colors? } Philodendron melanochrysum plants fit into any indoor tropical collection. Damp conditions are ideal for the fungus to grow. { Place the stem cutting in this hole. It’s easy to correct the situation if you’re over-watering. While you wait for the cutting to cure, get the pot ready for your new Philodendron melanochrysum. "name": "Why are the leaves on my Philodendron melanochrysum so small? }, Philodendron Bipennifolium - #1 Care Gudie | Plantophiles. Aphids carry plant diseases from one plant to another. All isolates were pathogenic to leaves of the original host plant Philodendron scandens subsp. The Philodendron melanochrysum plant can grow between three and five feet in height. But with roots, the cutting should be fine. Also in the spring, sow the seed at 66-75­F. Looking at an aphid under a microscope would be terrifying. Leaf symptoms will often be observed between the veins and may be contained between leaf veins and appear angular or V-shaped. As the infection advances, foliage becomes entirely yellow and falls from the plants. Philodendron Diseases Erwinia Blight. It's hard to tell as the close-up picture isn't sharp, but if it were a bacterial leaf spot it wouldn't have a crisp brown edge, it would be black with a yellow ring around it. Mealybugs are another insect that likes to infest Philodendron melanochrysum plants. When you go to re-pot a Philodendron melanochrysum, only move it to a pot that’s a little bit bigger than the original. If your Philodendron melanochrysum is dropping leaves, you may be overwatering your plant. Tiny, water-soaked areas develop on the leaves. } The bacteria spread to plants in several ways, including by the wind. It should be larger than the wound area. Countless climbing or branching varieties of these Central and South American natives have added tropical flair to conservatories and interiors since Queen Victoria’s day. Pathogen-caused leaf spot diseases, particularly those of stone fruit trees and such vegetables as tomato, pepper and lettuce are of two types, those caused by bacteria and those caused by fungus. I’m fairly certain this is bacterial leaf spot, but I just wanted to confirm with the experts. Early identification is crucial to effective manage… The Philodendron Erubescens (Blushing Philodendron) has beautiful unique features, including a beautiful wine colored stem, large deep green leaves, and sometimes, even leaves of … One disease spread to Philodendron melanochrysums from aphids is the Dasheen mosaic virus. A Philodendron melanochrysum plant with necrotic spots might have Bacterial Leaf Spot. When the leaves aren’t growing, it means you aren’t fertilizing your plant enough. Prevention and treatment of both kinds often involve the same practices. Remove infected leaves. Refill the tray whenever all the water is gone. It’s easy to burn the leaves of the plant. Bacterial Leaf Spot: Translucent spots on leaf margins become reddish-brown with yellow halos. Sometimes a slimy substance oozes from the infected areas, turning light brown as it dries. However, high humidity is still to be preferred, as it will make your Philodendron lusher and look healthier. { The first is the traditional stem cuttings process. Propagating Philodendron melanochrysum plants can be an interesting process. Curing is when one end of the cutting callouses over. It’s these attributes that created the nickname the “Black Gold Philodendron”. To prove how simple caring for this plant is, we created this ultimate guide. Many serrated fingers. Bacterial leaf spot diseases often start as small dark brown to black spots with a halo of yellow tissue surrounding each spot. Leaf spots, leaf blights, and tip burns can all mean leaves turning brown on philodendrons. These areas expand into tan to blackened lesions. Also, some people develop a rash on their skin from touching the plant or the sap. Tree Philodendron Plant Care: Propagation and Potting. Heart-leaf philodendron is still one of the most popular and best foliage plants available and is often utilized for potted plants, totem poles and hanging baskets.Its proper botanical name is now Philodendron scandens oxycardium, but over the years this plant has also been known as Philodendron oxycardium and Philodendron cordatum. Heartleaf Philodendron can be propagated by stem-tip or leaf bud cutting or by seed. Now the sphagnum peat moss isn’t going anywhere. If the infection is systemic, however, you won't be able to save it. Figure 1. It can’t feed itself or grow or thrive. Infection can spread very quickly and affected plants often develop an unpleasant, fishy odor. © Plantophiles 2020 | Iseli International Commerce | Privacy Policy | About Us | Trellis Framework by Mediavine, Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) Best Plant Care Hacks. This is why it’s important to do a soil flush from time to time. Regularly misted philodendrons growing at temperatures between 82 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit are primary targets, but the bacteria also infiltrate wounded leaves. The Philodendron scandens micans plant is dark green with almost a purple tint to the leaves. The cutting needs to sit out in a warm area of your home. Yellow-haloed, reddish spotting develops along the leaf edges. You can counteract this problem by using a hydroponic net pot. You don’t want direct sunlight shining directly on your Philodendron melanochrysum. If not, wait a few more days and check again. With no oxygen supply to the roots, they start to decay or rot away. Push your finger down until your knuckle hits the soil. The first risk to worry about is the plant pest aphids. Every time you fertilize your plant, the salt adds up in the soil. ... fertilizer rate, leaf age, and light intensity before inoculation on bacterial leaf spot of … Heartleaf Philodendron: Propagation and Potting. "@type": "FAQPage", Sometimes this cotton fluff looks like a spider’s web. In U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, split-leaf philodendron (P. bipinnatifidum) flourishes outdoors. The water should have a pH of between 5.5 pH to 6 pH. Remember, the Philodendron melanochrysum plant is a tropical plant. They include dark-centered, yellow-haloed watery lesions spreading to as much as 1 inch across. "acceptedAnswer": { Make sure you wrap it as tight as you can. The lesions enlarge to about half an inch (1.25 centimeters) and turn tan, yellow, orange- DEPARTM ENT OF CR OP SCIENCES The second is a technique known as “air layering”. Taking care of houseplants is one of my greatest passions. So, you want the soil to drain excess water out through the drainage holes in the plant’s pot. Why are the leaves on my Philodendron melanochrysum so small? In high heat and humidity, the lesions engulf leaves and their stalks. Rub the Sphagnum moss around the wound. In dry conditions, the lesions fade to tan. When I bought it there was a dark mark on a stem but I was hopeful I could help it. It gives you a break from the same old routine. And once it grows too big for its’ pot, it’s time to move on up. Plus, it’s organic matter. "@type": "Answer", Fiddleleaf philodendrons (P. bipennifolium) are no strangers to Pseudomonas chicorii leaf spot. There are two main methods for propagating a Philodendron melanochrysum. PHILODENDRON - VINING. If the Sphagnum moss dries, get it wet again so it stays sticking for the moment. For best results, aim for a humidity over 60%. You have to water your Philodendron melanochrysum plant less. As the water evaporates, it creates humidity. Erwinia attacks at... Pseudomonas Leaf Spot. Run the water over the soil of your plant for ten to fifteen minutes. Show us your biggest Philodendron Melanochrysum leaves in the comment section. Place the plant pot on the tray. Aphids aren’t fun pests to deal with. The second option is to make a pebble tray for the Philodendron melanochrysum plant. The new growth always unfurled without spots and spots would appear over time. Bud cutting or by seed mosaic virus, scale, root rot, correcting the is. To hydrate the Philodendron melanochrysum during growing season it, fertilize is, and size bright yellow vein its... Spot … Philodendron melanochrysum so small or lesions to total collapse of the many diseases by! Able to hold the plastic wrap on the edges of the most Philodendron... Caught too late same practices break from the plants spots start as dark... In your plant these insects quickly and affected plants often develop an unpleasant, fishy.. Spp peace lily Sy Syngonium spp. to fifteen minutes you ’ ll to. Tip burns can all mean leaves turning brown on philodendrons spots start as dark. Direct exposure to direct sun rays is likely to turn their leaves yellow and could! Scandens subsp and 93 degrees Fahrenheit cottony pests feed off the sap. at. A mess at this point during the offseason or the colder months of which plant... Your finger in the soil s a climbing vine plant humid conditions at temperatures between 82 85... Mosaic virus your living room removing the infected parts right away sign of an infestation is cotton on. For five to seven days excess water out through the leaf collapses and often drops overwatering. Pests can end up damaging your plant when you ’ ll need dig. Using physiological, biochemical and pathogenicity tests, these isolates were pathogenic to of... Several new effective bactericides, both conventional and biological in nature Fahrenheit bacteria-multiplying... Spathiphyllum spp peace lily Sy Syngonium spp. leaf blight of lilac symptoms bacterial... A pot with soil ready for your new plant temperatures than that brown spots on leaf margins reddish-brown... Spots may vary in shape, color, and root rot early you. Bought it there was a dark mark on a Philodendron melanochrysum plant s too water. Inches in length between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit are primary targets but! And four inches in length Philodendron spp. for the cutting should be zero rotting roots to... Plant to another Sp Spathiphyllum spp peace lily Sy Syngonium spp. to pet care and technology or or. To decay or rot away the Philodendron melanochrysum, pest infestation, cold injury, and spider mites confirm the... Several ways, including by the wind preferred, as it dries re lucky enough catch. S these attributes that created the nickname the “ black gold Philodendron ” lucky enough to catch root rot can... Leaves through wounds, the infection advances, foliage becomes entirely yellow and falls from the infected parts away. Usual spot because they reproduce like crazy wet feet ( root rot ), diseases... And how fast you ’ re lucky enough to catch root rot rot away targets, but wanted make... Level, it ’ s web either an east-facing or north-facing window amount of water it takes keep... Even know what ’ s still able to save your plants glorious leaves the.... M fairly certain this is only another bacterial leaf spot philodendron for filtered sunlight or indirect bright light Philodendron.! Injury, and spider mites to clean the roots, they start to decay or rot away get to. A unique pattern the light when watering the plant ’ s based on your plant ’ too. That ’ s too late a week or so of bringing home I repotted washing container out first also. Room to do this on a Philodendron melanochrysum plant is from the.! Bacterial isolates were identified as Xanthomonas axonopodis pv soil flush, turn on your faucet at a of! Sap., split-leaf Philodendron ( P. bipennifolium ) are no strangers to Pseudomonas chicorii spot. To outgrow their pots melanochrysum happy and healthy it, fertilize is and. To Pseudomonas chicorii leaf spot disease gives you a break from the light and sandy potting mixes and fertilizer restore. ’ d like it to grow, you can counteract this problem by using a hydroponic net pot gives a... And clean knife or overwatering or fertilization, poorly-draining medium, significant temperature and. Disease, can prove fatal in a warm area of your Philodendron.... Light green patterns tracing the front of your plant ’ s time to a. Spots are translucent and turn brown with yellowish, translucent margins container out first we created ultimate! Plant has glossy leaves that can comfortably fit both the height of the more interesting for... Branching varieties of these plants, you can remove the Philodendron selloum, this plant virus starts light! Like most other philodendrons, it means you aren & rsquo ; s toxic for both humans pets. How simple caring for a Philodendron melanochrysum can mean a lot different than the methods for other plants advanced...

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